Archive \ Volume.12 2021 Issue 2

Creating the Informational and Educational Environment of the University Based on the Distance Learning Platform LIKAR_NMU

 

Kuchyn Iurii Leonidovych 1, Vlasenko Oleh Mykolayovych 2, Gashenko Irina Alexandrovna 3, Mykytenko Pavlo Vasyliovych 3, Kucherenko Inna Ivanivna 3*

 

1 Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology and Intensive Care of Postgraduate Education, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine. 2 Department of Hygiene and Ecology №3, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine. 3 Department of Medical and Biological Physics and Informatics, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine.


Abstract

The article considers the theoretical and practical aspects of planning, creation, and functioning of the informational and educational environment of the Bogomolets National Medical University based on the distance learning platform LIKAR_NMU. The definitions and some conditions met by the modern educational environment of the Medical (Pharmaceutical) Institution of Higher Education (M(P)HEI) were analyzed. The basic educational and methodical resources that ensure the formation and functioning of the informational and educational environment of modern M(P)HEI were identified. The functional structure of the educational environment based on distance learning technologies was determined by the system of educational process goals, and the educational activities consisted of problem-oriented blocks. The main features of the informational and educational environment of M(P)HEI in distance learning were established. The informational and educational environment model of the Bogomolets National Medical University was offered. The core of the informational and educational environment is the official portal of the university, and the system includes informational, educational information, and educational technology. The main advantages of using functional peculiarities of the automated control system and distance learning platform were analyzed. The comparison of activities on the distance learning platform and in the automated control system, depending on user roles, was covered. The area of responsibility of technical support was described and the structure of the distance learning platform LIKAR_NMU was demonstrated. The results of an online survey of the research department from teaching staff and students of different faculties on the quality of distance learning at the university are presented.

Keywords: Informational and educational environment, Distance learning technology, Automatic control system, Medical University


INTRODUCTION

Formulation of the problem

Nowadays, the vast majority of higher education institutions and other organizations offer their educational services on the Internet [1]. The issue of the effectiveness of distance learning for students of M(P)HEI has been relevant for a long time. Along with the global informatization of society, a number of new risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic have emerged [2]. Therefore, to ensure the continuous functioning of higher education institutions, there is a need to use modern tools for managing resources of information and educational materials. The leading direction of modern research is the search for and implementation in the educational process of systems in which it is convenient and efficient to organize the structure of the training course with the provision of universality and mobility.

In accordance with paragraph 2.3. Section 6 «Regulations on distance learning» [3], the main types of classes in distance learning in higher education institutions are the independent study of distance learning material, lecture, consultation, seminar, discussion, practical training, and laboratory training. Of course, full-fledged practical and laboratory classes cannot be replaced by distance learning. However, the integration of remote technologies with a number of web-based services can solve a wide range of problems related to the study of theoretical blocks and self-control, preparation for classes and control activities, acquaintance with additional materials of the course, online teacher advice, and active communication between students on problematic topics. In particular, the use of distance technologies in the educational process leads to the intensification of independent work and interaction between teacher and student, as a result of which they become equal parts of educational activity.

Analysis of recent research and publications

Problems of design, implementation, and use of open cloud-oriented educational and scientific environments of higher education institutions were the subject of research by a number of authors, one of whom is V. Bykov. The research of A. Hurzhii and V. Lapinskyi is devoted to the analysis of informatization of general secondary and higher education in Ukraine. The study of some features of informative terminology is revealed in the publication of M. Zhaldak. N. Morse considers the issue of designing a model of an effective educational environment of the university with the use of information technology. O. Spirin's research is devoted to the definition of criteria and establishment of appropriate indicators for the selection of open web-based learning technologies, Y. Tryus’s - to the problems of creating support systems for distance learning of health professionals. V. Franchuk analyzes and systematizes the most common web-based computer education systems in higher education institutions [4-10]. Scientific achievements of I. Nizhenkovska, T. Reva, N. Stuchynska dedicated to the problems of improving medical and pharmaceutical education in Ukraine [11-14].

The LIKAR_NMU distance learning platform operates at the University. The naming of the distance learning platform of the University was created by the rector, professor Iu. Kuchyn and deputy head of the educational and methodical department, associate professor I. Gashenko.

The purpose of the article is the design and creation of an informational and educational environment of the Bogomolets National Medical University based on the distance learning platform LIKAR_NMU.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Theoretical and empirical methods of scientific research were used to perform the set tasks, namely: method of system analysis, comparison, and generalization for theoretical substantiation and development of an informational and educational environment of the Bogomolets National Medical University based on the distance learning platform LIKAR_NMU; bibliosemantic method - for studying psychological, pedagogical, and scientific literature, normative documents on designing of information and educational environment, use of technologies of distance learning and automated control systems; empirical methods - conversations with students and teachers, analysis of ways to use learning materials management systems; questionnaire - to determine the level of organization of distance learning at the university; modeling - to develop the information and educational environment of the university and analyze its functionality.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

We consider it necessary to emphasize that an important part of distance learning is its implementation through information technology, namely distance learning platforms, which should ensure the process of developing, managing, and dissemination of learning materials online shared with many users at once. First of all, it is necessary to define the concept of «informational and educational environment». The results of the analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature allow us to interpret this concept as a continuum of spatio-temporal, socio-cultural, activity-oriented, communicative, informational, and other factors that appear as conditions of interaction between the developing individual and the objective world of higher education that are purposefully created and arise spontaneously. Also, in the literature [15], there is another interpretation of this concept, namely as a system-organized set of tools, information resources, interaction protocols, hardware and software, and organizational and methodological supports, focused on meeting the educational needs of users. In particular, the educational environment of M(P)HEI is a necessary component of the holistic mechanism of professional socialization, life, and professional situations that ensure the entry of students into professional life.

According to domestic scientists [16], the modern educational environment of M(P)HEI must meet a number of conditions, namely:

to have the aesthetic appeal of the elements of the environment;

to ensure compliance of the content and means of education with modern requirements for medical (pharmaceutical) education;

to provide professional, psychological, and pedagogical needs of scientific and pedagogical workers and students;

to have a positive image that contributes to the successful positioning of M(P)HEI in Ukraine and abroad;

to have a high level of pedagogical skills, general and social culture of the teaching staff;

to provide conditions for the formation of a competitive specialist in the medical (pharmaceutical) industry.

Thus, the informational and educational environment M(P)HEI in distance learning can be understood as a systematically organized set of modern educational and other information resources focused on meeting the needs of participants in the educational process and its scientific and educational support, as well as a set of hardware and software for storing, processing, and dissemination of educational materials and communicational interaction to achieve educational goals, in particular in order to form the necessary professional competencies.

The results of research on the organization of distance learning in domestic institutions of higher medical (pharmaceutical) education have established that important educational, informational, and methodological resources for the formation of the educational environment of modern free education are:

website or portal HEI;

structured media library;

thematic collection of photos, videos, audio materials, web resources, printed products that provide maximum visualization of educational, scientific, and methodological activities of the institution, satisfies the interests of real and potential consumers of educational services on the content of educational activities;

virtual library - electronic library with educational, educational-methodical, methodical literature, catalogs of other electronic libraries;

distance learning courses or their elements as a form of organization and implementation of educational activities and self-education of students using information and communication technologies.

The functional structure of the educational environment for higher medical (pharmaceutical) educational institutions using the distance learning platform is determined by the system of goals and objectives of the educational process, the functions of educational activities and consists of the following problem-oriented blocks:

information support of teachers and students (providing access to electronic catalogs, electronic textbooks, and glossaries on topics, electronic encyclopedias by subject areas and areas of domestic and world information networks, knowledge base, and data banks);

providing educational dialogue in the educational environment (peer-to-peer communication, subject-object communication, subject-subject communication);

telecommunication interaction of teachers and students in the process of cognitive activity;

automated learning and pedagogical control;

modeling of the studied phenomena (researched phenomena) and the mastered processes (demonstration and interactive introduction);

administration of the real educational process.

An important aspect of using the distance learning platform in M(P)HEI for the formation of the educational environment is that the latter is formed in such a way that the student at any time has free access from any course (discipline) to:

textbooks;

information support (reference books on relevant subjects, encyclopedias, consulting center);

necessary sections of courses in related fields of knowledge;

laboratory works, workshops, web quests, projects.

It’s important to note that the effectiveness of the formation of the educational environment of higher medical (pharmaceutical) educational institutions using the distance learning platform significantly depends on the quality of the developed distance courses, scientific and methodological support, and the work of the tutor/teacher.

Thus, the information and educational environment M(P)HEI in terms of distance learning has the following distinctive features:

  1. Client-server architecture, which makes it possible to systematize the learning process.
  2. Software-hardware independent runtime environment that provides universal interaction with the software shell, regardless of the type of user operating system.
  3. Ability to implement a full cycle of distance learning, with the help of advanced telecommunications and specialized modules and extensions such as forum, automated reception of abstracts, online testing, reporting, etc.
  4. Ability to work remotely using the global Internet.
  5. Personalization of training.
  6. Distribution of educational material over time so as to combine different types of work, collective and individual forms of employment, reproductive and creative activities.
  7. Rational selection and presentation of educational material with a clear separation of basic knowledge of the topic, basic and additional literature, the introduction of hyperlinks to these sources of information.
  8. Ensuring the logical continuity of new and previously learned information, active use of new information for repetition, and deeper learning of the material passed.
  9. Establishing interdisciplinary links between medical and pharmaceutical disciplines.
  10. Structuring educational material for multilevel analysis and integration of new information.

Based on distance learning technologies, it is possible to provide access to a wide range of information resources - from assistance in performing specific practical work and autonomous training courses downloaded to the student's mobile device, to fully networked training courses with problem-oriented software running on the server. It is also important that distance learning solves the problem of professional development of those who live and work in remote areas and helps to solve cost problems. Distance learning is currently impossible to imagine without systems of software products (distance learning platforms), through which remotely, via the global internet, the student can master the material, and the teacher in turn can create distance learning courses and conduct distance learning. The use of such platforms provides an interactive connection between teacher and student; distribution and verification of control tasks; keeping an electronic journal of records of assessments and visits; setting up various course resources; integration with cloud technologies. Using the latter opens up new learning opportunities, provides almost unlimited storage space, and most importantly - provides access from various devices to server resources and does not «tie down» the user to the workplace.

Given the functionality of the distance learning platform LIKAR_NMU, such as classes and control activities, a wide variety of choice of questions for testing, as well as the possibility of interaction student-teacher-administration, this platform was chosen as promising for distance learning at the Bogomolets National Medical University.

The informational and educational environment of the university should be flexible and in turn, consist of many functional tools (Figure 1).

The core of the information-educational environment is the official portal of the university, also the system includes such blocks as informational, educational-informative, and educational-technological. The information block includes social pages and messengers, such as a Facebook page, an Instagram page, and a Telegram channel of the Bogomolets National Medical University, they have only one-sided interaction, publication of materials from the official portal of the university.

Figure 1. Model of organization of information and educational environment of the Bogomolets National Medical University

As for the educational and informative block, this includes the electronic resources of the library and the YouTube distance learning channel of the Bogomolets National Medical University. Materials on these resources are posted independently on the official web portal and are educational in nature. Materials posted on the platform of distance learning and video lectures, which are posted on the YouTube channel of the Bogomolets National Medical University are the property of the university and are available only by following the links on the relevant courses to students and teachers registered at LIKAR_NMU. Thus, only registered authorized users have access to the created electronic catalog of video materials of the departments (Figures 2 and 3).

 

 

Figure 2. Coverage of the YouTube distance learning channel of the Bogomolets National Medical University

 

 

There are almost 1,500 video recordings of lectures and video recommendations for practical and laboratory work on the YouTube distance learning channel of the Bogomolets National Medical University.