Objective: This study aims to identify the impact of a clinical pharmacist led digital educational program on knowledge, perceptions, and practice of Malaysian pregnant women.
Methods: A randomized control trial (RCT) was undertaken at the antenatal clinic of Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital (HUSM). The study was carried out with 800 pregnant women who were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. The educational program was given to patients through sending them a weekly video clip and a daily short message by WhatsApp application for one month. Participants knowledge, perception and practice was assessed using a pre-validated questionnaire before and after the intervention. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed using SPSS version 22. All p-values of less than 0.05 were considered significant.
Results: The baseline levels of knowledge, perception, and practice towards medications use during pregnancy and teratogenicity were comparable and similar in intervention and control groups. However, the comparisons between intervention and control groups after the intervention showed significant improvement in total scores of knowledge (P<0.001) and practice (P<0.016). Perception domain showed significant improvement after the education in the intervention group p<0.001 but was not significantly different from the control group.
Conclusion: A pharmacist led educational program using digital technology is considered an effective method in improving pregnant women knowledge, perceptions and practice.