Archive \ Volume.13 2022 Issue 1

An Overview on Urinary tract infection Diagnostic and Management Approach in Primary Health Care

Fatimah Hussain AlShuhayb , Mohammed Ghalab Alanazi , Abdullah Ahmed Alghizzi , Hussam Jameel Khinkar , Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari , Eman Hassan Hamad Orebi , Jarah Moayad Alobaid , Rajaa Hussain Taliby , Saud Nahed Aldawsari , Hamed Ali Aleidi
Abstract

The urinary tract infection (UTI) counts for many visits to the primary health clinic. It occurs across different age groups and genders with variable rates, nevertheless it spares no one. Knowing this condition from its presentation to management is the key factor for a competent family physician. We aim to review literature searching for the etiology of urinary tract infection, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical presentation, and management regarding this disease. PubMed database was used for articles selection, and the chosen papers had gone through a thorough review. To sum up, most urinary tract infection (UTI) cases can be managed in primary health care clinics. However, understanding the alarming signs and red flags facilitate the process of referral and provides the patients with the best possible care without overwhelming the health care system. Treating the UTI condition is usually done by prescribing proper antibiotics and monitoring the improvement via scheduled appointments.



How to cite:
Vancouver
AlShuhayb F H, Alanazi M G, Alghizzi A A, Khinkar H J, Alnahari F N A, Orebi E H H, et al. An Overview on Urinary tract infection Diagnostic and Management Approach in Primary Health Care. Arch. Pharm. Pract. 2022;13(1):15-7. https://doi.org/10.51847/3neIMfJIpm
APA
AlShuhayb, F. H., Alanazi, M. G., Alghizzi, A. A., Khinkar, H. J., Alnahari, F. N. A., Orebi, E. H. H., & et al (2022). An Overview on Urinary tract infection Diagnostic and Management Approach in Primary Health Care. Archives Of Pharmacy Practice, 13(1),15-17. https://doi.org/10.51847/3neIMfJIpm

Download Citation
References

1.        Alrasheedy M, Abousada HJ, Abdulhaq MM, Alsayed RA, Alghamdi KA, Alghamdi FD, et al. Prevalence of urinary tract infection in children in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2021;93(2):206-10. doi:10.4081/aiua.2021.2.206

2.        Alanazi MQ. An evaluation of community-acquired urinary tract infection and appropriateness of treatment in an emergency department in Saudi Arabia. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2018;14:2363-73. doi:10.2147/TCRM.S178855

3.        Narimene EK, Zohra SF, Mustapha R. In Vitro Study of the Antimicrobial Effect of Synthesized Copolymer Compounds Against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli strains. Pharmacophore. 2019;10(3):82-8.

4.        Ronald A. The etiology of urinary tract infection: traditional and emerging pathogens. Am J Med. 2002;113(1):14-9. doi:10.1016/s0002-9343(02)01055-0

5.        Kalani L, Rashidi N, Mehranfard S, Bahrami H, Majidipour N, Moghaddam AS, et al. Epidemiology of the Urinary Stones: A 6-Year Retrospective Study at Dezful-Iran. Int J Pharm Phytopharmacol Res. 2020;10(4):79-85.

6.        Gallagher DJ, Montgomerie JZ, North JD. Acute infections of the urinary tract and the urethral syndrome in general practice. Br Med J. 1965;1(5435):622-6. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5435.622

7.        Michels TC, Sands JE. Dysuria: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis in Adults. Am Fam Physician. 2015;92(9):778-86.

8.        Wagenlehner FME, Hoyme U, Kaase M, Fünfstück R, Naber KG, Schmiemann G. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2011;108(24):415-23. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2011.0415

9.        Nicolle LE. Complicated urinary tract infection in adults. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2005;16(6):349-60. doi:10.1155/2005/385768

10.      Najar MS, Saldanha CL, Banday KA. Approach to urinary tract infections. Indian J Nephrol. 2009;19(4):129-39. doi:10.4103/0971-4065.59333

11.      Tan CW, Chlebicki MP. Urinary tract infections in adults. Singapore Med J. 2016;57(9):485-90. doi:10.11622/smedj.2016153

Grabe M, Bjerklund-Johansen T, Botto H. EAU Guidelines. Edn. presented at the EAU Annual Congress Milan Italy 2021. Published online 2021. https://uroweb.org/wp-content/uploads/EAU-Guidelines-on-Urological-infections-2021.pdf