Archive \ Volume.10 2019 Issue 4

Aortic Stenosis Diagnosis and Management Approach

Maiar N. Hijazi, Afnan M. Alqarni, Ohood A. Assiri, Ghada A. Alonazi, Ayman F. Almazyad, Hind R.A. Alharbi, Yassir M. Darwish, Ghaday I. Alyamani, Sarah N. Aldawish, Heba J. Mominkhan, Sadaqah M. Wazzan, Mohammed A. Alzahrani

Background: Aortic stenosis (AS) is defined as an obstruction of the blood flow across aortic valve. It’s a common global medical problem that affects elderly population which has hemodynamic consequences and high mortality that reaches 25% in the first year for the symptomatic patients with moderate AS and 50% in two years. It results in the use of significant healthcare resources, with high morbidity particularly in cases of delayed diagnosis and proper management. Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and management strategies of Aortic stenosis. Methods:  PubMed database was used for articles’ selection using the following keywords: Aortic Stenosis, its Evaluation, Management, and Diagnosis. Conclusion: When aortic stenosis is diagnosed, the clinician should educate their patients about the disease and explain different approaches for its treatment to aid the patient in choosing a suitable SAVR or TAVR approach. This would best be done when considering the multiple factors of stenosis severity, medical and surgical history and co-morbid diseases.

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