Archive \ Volume.14 2023 Issue 4

Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitude Toward Cervical Cancer and HPV Prevention Among Female Medical School Students

, , , , , , , ,
  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  3. Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  4. Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  5. Batterjee medical college, Jeddah KSA

Abstract

Early diagnosis of cervical dysplasia (pre-cancerous) with a Pap smear is preventable against cervical cancer. In nations with well-established cervical cancer screening programs, the disease is less common. In Saudi Arabia, there is a lack of knowledge and expertise about HPV and cervical cancer screening. We aim to assess female students’ awareness about cervical cancer, PAP smear, and HPV as well as barriers and attitudes towards HPV vaccine at Umm Al-Qura University, KSA. A cross-sectional study was done at Umm Al-Qura University (UQU), Makkah Saudi Arabia on 479 female students using an online questionnaire. The majority of participants (86.4%) were aware of cervical cancer, while 40.7%, 30.5%, and 55.1% of them were aware of HPV, its vaccine, and Pap tests, respectively. The majority of the participants (59.7%) knew that cervical cancer could be a preventable disease. Only 16.5 percent were aware of when to receive the HPV vaccine. Only 7.1 percent knew when to start the PAP smear screening. The majority of individuals (72%) supported receiving the HPV vaccine. Only 4% of women who accepted a Pap smear after marriage had a relative who had cervical cancer, only 2.1 percent had received the HPV vaccine, and 4.4 percent had undergone a Pap smear. A much higher percentage of participants with a good level of knowledge were in a health sciences specialty (college). There is a need for health awareness & Educational campaigns on the importance of cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination.


Downloads: 39
Views: 59

How to cite:
Vancouver
Gari A, Alsulaimani N, Brashi R, Alharthi R, Gari F, Alzhrani R, et al. Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitude Toward Cervical Cancer and HPV Prevention Among Female Medical School Students. Arch Pharm Pract. 2023;14(4):96-103. https://doi.org/10.51847/ukFhSk5HIf
APA
Gari, A., Alsulaimani, N., Brashi, R., Alharthi, R., Gari, F., Alzhrani, R., Almatrfi, S., Aljabri, S., & Gari, G. (2023). Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitude Toward Cervical Cancer and HPV Prevention Among Female Medical School Students. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, 14(4), 96-103. https://doi.org/10.51847/ukFhSk5HIf

Download Citation
References
  1. Delcea C, Enache A. Personality traits as predictor of crime. Rom J Leg Med [29]. 2021;2:227-31.
  2. Voiţă-Mekereş F, Delcea C, Buhaș CL, Ciocan V. Novichok Toxicology: A Review Study. Arch Pharm Pract. 2023;14(3):62-6.
  3. Jradi H, Bawazir A. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Saudi women regarding cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) and corresponding vaccine. Vaccine. 2019;37(3):530-7. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.11.065
  4. Ortashi O, Raheel H, Shalal M, Osman N. Awareness and knowledge about human papillomavirus infection and vaccination among women in UAE. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(10):6077-80. doi:10.7314/apjcp.2013.14.10.6077
  5. Galea-Holhoș LB, Delcea C, Siserman CV, Ciocan V. Age estimation of human remains using the dental system: A review. Ann Dent Spec. 2023;11(3):15.
  6. Popa-Nedelcu R, Delcea C, Siserman C, Carmen Domnariu DC. The relationship between personality disorders and domestic violence in forensic context. Rom J Leg Med. 2020;28(2):166-71.
  7. Al-Shaikh GK, Almussaed EM, Fayed AA, Khan FH, Syed SB, Al-Tamimi TN, et al. Knowledge of Saudi female university students regarding cervical cancer and acceptance of the human papilloma     virus vaccine. Saudi Med J. 2014;35(10):1223-30.
  8. Rančić NK, Golubović MB, Ilić MV, Ignjatović AS, Živadinović RM, Đenić SN, et al. Knowledge about Cervical Cancer and Awareness of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV Vaccine among Female Students from Serbia. Medicina (Kaunas). 2020;56(8):406. doi:10.3390/medicina56080406
  9. Altamimi T. Human papillomavirus and its vaccination: Knowledge and attitudes among female university students in Saudi Arabia. J Family Med Prim Care. 2020;9(4):1849-55. doi:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1205_19
  10. Singh J, Roy B, Yadav A, Siddiqui S, Setia A, Ramesh R, et al. Cervical cancer awareness and HPV vaccine acceptability among females in Delhi: A cross-sectional study. Indian J Cancer. 2018;55(3):233-7. doi:10.4103/ijc.IJC_28_18
  11. Widjaja VN. Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitudes of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) among Private University Students- Malaysia Perspective. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2019;20(7):2045-50. doi:10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.7.2045
  12. Moosazadeh M, Karimi A, Zaboli E, Hedayatizadeh-Omran A, Reza A, Kheradmand M. Risk of ovarian and cervical cancer in women with positive cancer family history: Results of tabari cohort study. Clin Cancer Investig J. 2021;10(2):65-8.
  13. Olubodun T, Odukoya OO, Balogun MR. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of cervical cancer prevention, among women residing in an urban slum in Lagos, South West, Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2019;32:130. doi:10.11604/pamj.2019.32.130.14432
  14. Ali SF, Ayub S, Manzoor NF, Azim S, Afif M, Akhtar N, et al. Knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer and its prevention amongst interns and nursing staff in Tertiary Care Hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. PLoS One. 2010;5(6):e11059. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011059
  15. Halimah E, Hendriani R, Ferdiansyah F. Antiproliferative activity of Acalypha Wilkesiana against human cervical cancer cell lines HeLa. J Adv Pharm Educ Res. 2021;11(4):7-10.
  16. Kasemy ZA, Bahbah WA, Zewain SK, Haggag MG, Alkalash SH, Zahran E, et al. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice toward COVID-19 among Egyptians. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2020;10(4):378-85. doi:10.2991/jegh.k.200909.001
  17. Bahanan L. Determinants Of Tooth Loss In Pregnant Women: A Review Of The Literature. Ann Dent Spec. 2023;11(3):24-31.
  18. Yacouti A, Elkhoudri N, El Got A, Benider A, Hadrya F, Baddou R, et al. Awareness, attitudes, and acceptability of the HPV vaccine among female university students in Morocco. PLoS One. 2022;17(4):e0266081. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0266081
  19. Alnafisah RA, Alsuhaibani R, Alharbi MA, Alsohaibani AA, Ismail AA. Saudi Women's Knowledge and Attitude toward Cervical Cancer Screening, Treatment, and Prevention: A Cross-Sectional Study in Qassim Region (2018-2019). Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2019;20(10):2965-9. doi:10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.10.2965
  20. Aga SS, Yasmeen N, Khan MA, Hakami AY, Awadh A, Malli IA. Knowledge, attitudes, and perception toward human papillomavirus among health profession students: A cross-sectional study in King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. J Educ Health Promot. 2022;11:141. doi:10.4103/jehp.jehp_640_21
  21. Aloufi BH. Structure-based Multi-targeted Molecular Docking and Molecular Dynamic Simulation Analysis to Identify Potential Inhibitors against Ovarian Cancer. J Biochem Technol. 2022;13(2):29-39.
  22. Alsous MM, Ali AA, Al-Azzam SI, Abdel Jalil MH, Al-Obaidi HJ, Al-Abbadi EI, et al. Knowledge and awareness about human papillomavirus infection and its vaccination among women in Arab communities. Sci Rep. 2021;11(1):786. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-80834-9
  23. Kulkarni S, Zope S, Suragimath G, Varma S, Kale A. Female Sex Hormones and Periodontal Health: Assessment of Knowledge and Awareness Among Women of Western Maharashtra. Ann Dent Spec. 2022;10(4):49-55.
  24. Malibari SS. Knowledge about Cervical Cancer among Women in Saudi Arabia. Egypt J Hospl Med. 2018;70(10):1823-5.
  25. Azer SA, AlSaleem A, Albassam N, Khateeb R, Alessa A, Aljaloud A, et al. What do university students know about cervical cancer and HPV vaccine? Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2022;26(10):3735-44. doi:10.26355/eurrev_202205_28870
  26. Gari A. Human Papilloma Virus, its Vaccine Significance, Side Effects, and Complications. Pharmacophore. 2021;12(4):36-40.
  27. Alharthy F, Alamoudi AA, Alnouri A, Alkhuzaee A, Ajabnoor G, AlQriqri M, et al. Metformin Anti-Tumor Effect and Metabolic Reprogramming in Breast Cancer Cells. J Biochem Technol. 2023;14(1):70-9.
  28. Akhtanin EA, Markov PV, Goev AA, Struchkov VY, Arutyunov HR, Martirosyan TA, et al. External Small Intestine Fistula as a Rare Complication of Total Infralevatory Pelvic Evisceration. J Biochem Technol. 2022;13(4):45-9.
  29. Osowiecka K, Yahuza S, Szwiec M, Gwara A, Kasprzycka K, Godawska M, et al. Students' Knowledge about Cervical Cancer Prevention in Poland. Medicina (Kaunas). 2021;57(10):1045. doi:10.3390/medicina57101045
  30. Al-Darwish AA, Al-Naim AF, Al-Mulhim KS, Al-Otaibi NK, Morsi MS, Aleem AM. Knowledge about cervical cancer early warning signs and symptoms, risk factors, and vaccination among students at a medical school in Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(6):2529-32. doi:10.7314/apjcp.2014.15.6.2529
  31. Arigapudi N, Suvvari T, Simhachalam Kutikuppala L. Current trends and future prospective of human papillomavirus vaccination - Need, impact, and challenges. Clin Cancer Investig J. 2021;10(4):186-8.
  32. Ortashi O, Raheel H, Shalal M, Osman N. Awareness and knowledge about human papillomavirus infection and vaccination among women in UAE. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(10):6077-80. doi:10.7314/apjcp.2013.14.10.6077
  33. Salbieva NG, Cheldieva AA, Plieva EG, Yusupova LA, Dunets DA, Shakhbieva RA. Evaluation of the Treatment of Pregnant Women with COVID-19 Using the Drug Baricitinib. J Biochem Technol. 2022;13(3):71-5.
  34. Alshammari EM. Simultaneous Detection of Toxic and Heavy Metals in the Scalp Hair Samples of Smokers. J Biochem Technol. 2022;13(1):50-6.
  35. Jassim G, Obeid A, Al Nasheet HA. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding cervical cancer and screening among women visiting primary health care Centres in Bahrain. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):128. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5023-7

 

 

 

 


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.