The purpose of the study is to reveal the influence of the "Classics" exercise on the attention span of 9-10-year-old children. The pedagogical experiment lasted 9 months in which 40 schoolchildren participated. The duration of one lesson was 40 minutes, two lessons a week, in total, 56 physical education classes were held during the year. Children in the control group (CG) – 3A class (20 people), were engaged in the ordinary physical education program. Shuttle run determined the level of coordination of children, and the stability of attention was determined by the Bourdon test. In the control group, coordination indicators improved by 2.9% (P>0.05), and attention span from 3.5±0.3 to 3.8±0.3 (P>0.05). In the experimental group, the indicators became higher than at the beginning in the bourdon test by 32.4% (P<0.05), and in the shuttle run they improved from 9.9±0.5 to 8.5±0.4 (P<0.05). Thus, if children perform the classics exercise at physical education lessons at school, not only motor abilities but also attention stability will improve significantly.
1. Chen S, Kim Y, Gao Z. The contributing role of physical education in youth’s daily physical activity and sedentary behavior. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):1-7. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-110
2. Wallhead T, Garn A, Vidoni C. Sport Education and social goals in physical education: relationships with enjoyment, relatedness, and leisure-time physical activity. Phys Educ Sport Pedagogy. 2012;18(4):427-41. doi:10.1080/17408989.2012.690377
3. Carpenter P, Morgan K. Motivational Climate, Personal Goal Perspectives, and Cognitive and Affective Responses in Physical Education Classes. Eur J Phys Educ. 1999;4(1):31-44. doi:10.1080/1740898990040103
4. Lyakh VI. Physical culture. Grades 1-4: Textbook for general education institutions. – Moscow: Education; 2013. p. 190.
5. Kühnhausen J, Dirk J, Schmiedek F. Individual classification of elementary school children's physical activity: A time-efficient, group-based approach to reference measurements. Behav Res Methods. 2016;49(2):685-97. doi:10.3758/s13428-016-0724-2
6. Barker D, Quennerstedt M, Annerstedt C. Learning through group work in physical education: a symbolic interactionist approach. Sport, Educ Soc. 2015;20(5):604-23. doi:10.1080/13573322.2014.962493
7. Dobbins M, Husson H, DeCorby K, LaRocca RL. School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity & fitness in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;2. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007651.pub2
8. Chiodera P, Volta E, Gobbi G, Milioli MA, Mirandola P, Bonetti A, et al. Specifically designed physical exercise programs improve children’s motor abilities. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2008;18(2):179-87. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00682.x
9. Dallolio L, Ceciliani A, Sanna T, Garulli A. Proposal for an Enhanced Physical Education Program in the Primary School: Evaluation of Feasibility and Effectiveness in Improving Physical Skills and Fitness. J Phys Act Health. 2016;13(10):1024-34. doi:10.1123/jpah.2015-0694
10. Polevoy G. Development of a sense of rhythm in children 8-9 years old with the help of exercise ‘Classic’s’. Sri Lanka J Child Health. 2020;49(2):140-4. doi:10.4038/sljch.v49i2.8961
11. Bokin, A. Influence of coordination abilities of young karatekas on productivity of their sports activity. Soc-Econ Phenom Proc. 2013;12(58):198-201. doi:10.3200/JMBR.40.5.400-408
12. Erceg M, Zagorac N, Katić R. The impact of football training on motor development in male children. Coll Antropol. 2008;32(1):241-7.
13. Charles HZ, Megan RG, Robert BM, Jana MK, Nathan AF. Sensitive Periods. Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2011;76(4):147-62. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5834.2011.00631.x
14. Viru A, Loko J, Harro M, Volver A, Laaneots L, Viru M. Critical Periods in the Development of Performance Capacity During Childhood and Adolescence. Eur J Phys Educ. 2006;4(1):75-119. doi:10.1080/1740898990040106
15. Bidzan-Bluma I, Lipowska M. Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning of Children. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(4):800. doi:10.3390/ijerph15040800
16. Pietsch S, Böttcher C, Jansen P. Cognitive Motor Coordination Training Improves Mental Rotation Performance in Primary School-Aged Children. Mind Brain Educ. 2017;11(4):176-80. doi:10.1111/mbe.12154
17. Gerber M, Kalak N, Lemola S, Clough PJ, Pühse U, Elliot S, et al. Adolescents’ exercise and physical activity are associated with mental toughness. Ment Health Phys Act. 2012;5(1):35-42. doi:10.1016/j.mhpa.2012.02.004.
18. Fernandes VR, Ribeiro MLS, Melo T, Maciel-Pinheiro PdT, Guimarães TT, Araújo NB, et al. Motor coordination correlates with academic achievement and cognitive function in children. Front Psychol. 2016;7:318. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00318
19. Carral, JMC, Ayán C, Espiño MJS. The relationship between physical fitness and academic performance in spanish secondary education students: A longitudinal study. Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte. 2016;11:7-16. doi:10.12800/ccd.v11i31.638
20. Polevoy GG. Training of motor rhythm in students, practicing football. Phys Educ Stud. 2017;21(4):189-92. doi:10.15561/20755279.2017.0407
21. Book J, Shirn C. Almanac of psychological tests. Moscow: KSP; 1997. P. 320.
22. Khusainova RM, Shilova ZV, Curteva OV. Selection of appropriate statistical methods for research results processing. Math Educ. 2016;11(1):303-15. doi:10.12973/iser.2016.21030a
23. Tong X, Zhang ZY. Diagnostics of Robust Growth Curve Modeling Using Student's t Distribution. Multivariate Behav Res. 2012;47(4):493-518. doi:10.1080/00273171.2012.692614
24. Breuer C, Hallmann K, Wicker P. Determinants of sport participation in different sports. Manag Leis. 2011;16(4):269-86. doi:10.1080/13606719.2011.613625
25. Lanting Zh, Rong He, Yuanwei L, Fei Sh, Ying X, Ping Zh. Report of a patient with refractory atrial tachycardia whose heart rate was controlled using ivabradine. J Int Med Res. 2022;50(3):03000605221081727. doi:10.1177/03000605221081727
26. Ghaderpour S, Ghiasi R, Hamidian G, Heydari H, Keyhanmanesh R. Voluntary exercise improves spermatogenesis and testicular apoptosis in type 2 diabetic rats through alteration in oxidative stress and mir-34a/SIRT1/p53 pathway. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2021;24(1):58-65. doi:10.22038/ijbms.2020.49498.11314
27. Gholamian S, Attarzadeh Hosseini S, Rashidlamir A, Aghaalinjad H. The effects of interval aerobic training on mesenchymal biomarker gene expression, the rate of tumor volume, and cachexia in mice with breast cancer. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2020;23(2):244-50. doi:10.22038/ijbms.2019.39535.9375
28. Koelen JA, Mansueto AC, Finnemann A, deKoning L, vander Heijde CM, Vonk P, et al. COVID‐19 andmental health among at ‐ risk university students: Aprospective study into risk and protective factors. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2022;31(1):e1901. doi:10.1002/mpr.1901KOELENET AL.-9 of 9
29. Passavanti G, Paoli A, Rizzato A, Ceccarelli I, Fiorenzani P, Casini I, et al. Age and training intensity differently affect male runners' endocrine and sexual parameters. Chin J Physiol. 2022;65(1):37-45.