Archive \ Volume.13 2022 Issue 4

Effects of Fasting on Student Performance in Exams at Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia

Abdelrahman M Abukanna, Hafiz Osman IbnIdris, Atheer Muteb K Alenezi, Fai Nidaa H Alshammari, Shahad Hameed D Alanazi, Hibah Farhan B Alenezi, Wajd Hussein D Alenezi, Ghaida Hamad F Alanazi, Nadiyah Abdulrahman S Aloufi, Reem Abbas Q Alanezi, Nada Naif A Alanazi, Marwah khalil I Almalki
Abstract

The creation of successful interventions to enhance university students' eating habits may be aided by an understanding of the potential relationship between food consumption and academic accomplishment. This essay investigates how Ramadan affects Muslim university students' academic performance at NBU, Arar, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was carried out by using an online administered questionnaire. The target sample was college students in Saudi Arabia. Utilizing the Social Sciences Statistical Package, data was gathered and examined (SPSS). The study included 445 participants, 78.9% of them were females and 21.1% were males. 98.9% of students fast during Ramadan. 87.4% go to university while fasting. 73% feel sleepy while fasting. 82.5% feel tired and exhausted while fasting. 73.7% feel a headache while fasting. 82.7% reported that fasting affects focus while studying (17.2% positively and 82.8% negatively). 72.6% reported that fasting affects their performance in tests (17.3% positively and 82.7% negatively). The result of tests performed while fasting was reported positive in 24.7% and negative in 44.7%. Fasting affects the academic performance of college students causing headaches, exhaustion, and disturbance of sleep schedule. However, most participants reported that fasting affects focus and performance on exams while studying (negatively more than positively).


Downloads: 55
Views: 243

How to cite:
Vancouver
Abukanna AM, IbnIdris HO, Alenezi AMK, Alshammari FNH, Alanazi SHD, Alenezi HFB, et al. Effects of Fasting on Student Performance in Exams at Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia. Arch Pharm Pract. 2022;13(4):82-7. https://doi.org/10.51847/LjRKD3atf2
APA
Abukanna, A. M., IbnIdris, H. O., Alenezi, A. M. K., Alshammari, F. N. H., Alanazi, S. H. D., Alenezi, H. F. B., Alenezi, W. H. D., Alanazi, G. H. F., Aloufi, N. A. S., Alanezi, R. A. Q., et al. (2022). Effects of Fasting on Student Performance in Exams at Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, 13(4), 82-87. https://doi.org/10.51847/LjRKD3atf2

Download Citation
References

1.        Afifi ZE. Daily practices, study performance and health during the Ramadan fast. J R Soc Health. 1997;117(4):231-5. 

2.        Pew Research Center. Muslims and Islam: Key Findings in the U.S. and Around the World. [Last retrieved on 2017 Apr 18]. Available from: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/02/27/muslims-and-islam-key-findings-in-the-u-s-and-around-the-world/

3.        Burrows TL, Whatnall MC, Patterson AJ, Hutchesson MJ. Associations between Dietary Intake and Academic Achievement in College Students: A Systematic Review. Healthcare (Basel). 2017;5(4):60. doi:10.3390/healthcare5040060

4.        Cryer PE. Hypoglycemia, functional brain failure, and brain death. J Clin Invest. 2007;117(4):868-70. doi:10.1172/JCI31669

5.        Najam KS, Khan RS, Waheed A, Hassan R. Impact of Islamic practices on the mental health of Muslims. Int Dent Med J Adv Res. 2019;5(1):1-6. doi:10.15713/ins.idmjar.99

6.        Jeynes WH. The effects of religious commitment on the academic achievement of Black and Hispanic children. Urban Educ. 1999;34(4):458-79. doi:10.1177/0013124503257206

7.        Margolis SA, Reed RL. Effect of religious practices of Ramadan on sleep and perceived sleepiness of medical students. Teach Learn Med. 2004;16(2):145-9. doi:10.1207/s15328015tlm1602_5

8.        Hornung E, Schwerdt G, Strazzeri M. Religious practice and student performance: Evidence from Ramadan fasting. J Econ Behav Organ. 2023;205:100-19.

9.        Gilavand A, Fatahiasl J. Studying effect of fasting during Ramadan on mental health of university students in Iran: A review. J Res Med Dent Sci. 2018;6(2):205-9. doi:10.24896/jrmds.20186232

10.      Trepanowski JF, Bloomer RJ. The impact of religious fasting on human health. Nutr J. 2010;9:57. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-57

11.      Ibrahim WH, Habib HM, Jarrar AH, Al Baz SA. Effect of Ramadan fasting on markers of oxidative stress and serum biochemical markers of cellular damage in healthy subjects. Ann Nutr Metab. 2008;53(3-4):175-81. doi:10.1159/000172979

12.      Donohoe RT, Benton D. Cognitive functioning is susceptible to the level of blood glucose. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1999;145(4):378-85. 

13.      Mahoney CR, Taylor HA, Kanarek RB, Samuel P. Effect of breakfast composition on cognitive processes in elementary school children. Physiol Behav. 2005;85(5):635-45.

14.      Deshmukh-Taskar PR, Nicklas TA, O'Neil CE, Keast DR, Radcliffe JD, Cho S. The relationship of breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumption with nutrient intake and weight status in children and adolescents: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110(6):869-78. 

15.      Zajac I, Herreen D, Hunkin H, James-Martin G, Doyen M, Kakoschke N, et al. Modified Fasting Compared to True Fasting Improves Blood Glucose Levels and Subjective Experiences of Hunger, Food Cravings and Mental Fatigue, But Not Cognitive Function: Results of an Acute Randomised Cross-Over Trial. Nutrients. 2020;13(1):65. doi:10.3390/nu13010065

16.      Benau EM, Orloff NC, Janke EA, Serpell L, Timko CA. A systematic review of the effects of experimental fasting on cognition. Appetite. 2014;77:52-61. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2014.02.014

17.      Owen L, Scholey AB, Finnegan Y, Hu H, S├╝nram-Lea SI. The effect of glucose dose and fasting interval on cognitive function: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, six-way crossover study. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2012;220(3):577-89. doi:10.1007/s00213-011-2510-2

18.      Burrows T, Goldman S, Pursey K, Lim R. Is there an association between dietary intake and academic achievement: a systematic review. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2017;30(2):117-40. doi:10.1111/jhn.12407

19.      Nuryakin C, Muchtar PA, Massie NWG, Hambali S. Having exams during Ramadan: The case of Indonesia. Econ Hum Biol. 2022;47:101183. doi:10.1016/j.ehb.2022.101183

20.      Nikfarjam M, Noormohammadi MR, Mardanpour-Shahrekordi E, Esmaeili Vardanjani SA, Hasanpour-Dehkordi A. The effect of fasting on emotional intelligence in clergies in Shahrekord seminary. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2013;15(3):56-63.

21.      Sorimachi K. Direct evidence for glucose consumption acceleration by carbonates in cultured cells. bioRxiv. 2019:551259.

22.      Al Moustafa AE. Fasting inhibits human cancer progression via the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process: Important evidence unraveled. Clin Cancer Investig J. 2012;1:181-3.

23.      Saat NZ, Hanawi SA, Chan KS, Hanafiah H, Teh SC, Aznan SR, et al. Sleep Quality among University Students: Associations between Demographic Factors and Physical Activity Level. Int J Pharm Res Allied Sci. 2020;9(3).

24.      Shukri AK, Mubarak AS. Factors of Academic Success Among Undergraduate Medical Students in Taif University, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Pharm Res Allied Sci. 2019;8(1):158-70.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.