The COVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan city of China. It was treated as a case of pneumonia having no etiology, first appeared in December 2019. Its spread was at a rapid pace worldwide. It was called COVID-19 by the WHO on 11th February 2020, as of 5th June 2020, there are 87,113 approved instances of COVID-19 in Pakistan. A cross-sectional descriptive research was conducted on 196 students of SMBBMU through an online questionnaire. It was self-generated and evaluated by epidemiologists. The questionnaire was developed through the WHO advisory from the Coronavirus disease advice for the public: Myth busters. It contains socio-demographic information and Twenty-four (24) questions related to myths and knowledge for COVID-19 and the response of questions was taken on true/false basis. A total of 196 students participated out of which 100 were females and 96 were males, the mean age of the participants was 22.4005 ± 4.97, and 168(85.7%) participants were unmarried. The highest ratio involved in this study was of the first year, which was about 82 (41.8%). The most common source of information was social media (n=118; 60.2%). Overall, 77.21% of the students were aware of the myths and realities regarding COVID-19. Data was analyzed through SPSS 24. The students had sound knowledge regarding the myths and realities of COVID-19. It is the responsibility of public health care providers to spread this knowledge into every part of the country through social media and other sources at their disposal.
1. Sahin AR, Erdogan A, Agaoglu PM, Dineri Y, Cakirci AY, Senel ME, et al. 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak: a review of the current literature. EJMO. 2020;4(1):1-7.
2. Albureikan MO. COVID-19 Outbreak in Terms of Viral Transmission and Disease Biocontrol by Healthy Microbiome. Int J Pharm Phytopharm Res. 2020;10(3):139-46.
3. Eltayeb LB. An update about Coronaviruses with Emphasis on Newly Emerged COVID 19. J Biochem Technol. 2020;11(3):14-20.
4. Lestari K, Sitorus T, Instiaty SM, Levita J. Molecular Docking of Quinine, Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine to Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2) Receptor for Discovering New Potential COVID-19 Antidote. J Adv Pharm Educ Res. 2020;10(2):1-4.
5. Alshammari E. Implementing eOSCE During COVID-19 Lockdown. J Adv Pharm Educ Res. 2020;10(1):174-80.
6. Novel CP. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China. 2020 Feb 17;41(2):145.
7. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):507-13.
8. Wang LS, Wang YR, Ye DW, Liu QQ. A review of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) based on current evidence. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020 Mar 19;55(6):105948.
9. Giovanetti M, Benvenuto D, Angeletti S, Ciccozzi M. The first two cases of 2019‐nCoV in Italy: Where they come from? J Med Virol. 2020 May;92(5):518-21.
10. Paraskevis D, Kostaki EG, Magiorkinis G, Panayiotakopoulos G, Sourvinos G, Tsiodras S. Full-genome evolutionary analysis of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) rejects the hypothesis of emergence as a result of a recent recombination event. Infect Genet Evol. 2020 Apr 1;79:104212.
11. Hoehl S, Rabenau H, Berger A, Kortenbusch M, Cinatl J, Bojkova D, et al. Evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in returning travelers from Wuhan, China. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 26;382(13):1278-80.
12. Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jan 24.
13. Zu ZY, Jiang MD, Xu PP, Chen W, Ni QQ, Lu GM, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a perspective from China. Radiology. 2020 Feb 21:200490.
14. Rodriguez-Morales A, Bonilla-Aldana DK, Tiwari R, Sah R, Rabaan AA, Dhama K. COVID-19, an emerging coronavirus infection: current scenario and recent developments-an overview. J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020 Mar 1;14(1):6150.
15. Bilgin S, Kurtkulagi O, Kahveci GB, Duman TT, Tel BM. Millennium pandemic: a review of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Exp Biomed Res. 2020 Mar 29;3(2):117-25.
16. Zhou P, Yang XL, Wang XG, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature. 2020 Mar;579(7798):270-3.
17. World health organization (WHO) [Internet]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019.
18. Pakistan confirms first two cases of coronavirus - France 24 [Internet]. France 24. 2020 [cited 9 June 2020]. Available from: https://www.france24.com/en/20200226-pakistan-confirms-first-two-cases-of-coronavirus
19. Covid C. http://covidgovpk/. [Online]. Available from: http://covid.gov.pk/ [Accessed 5 June 2020].
20. Public Survey Exposes Shocking Misconceptions on Our Understanding of COVID-19 [Internet]. Propakistani.pk. 2020 [cited 9 June 2020]. Available from: https://propakistani.pk/2020/04/11/public-survey-exposes-shocking-misconceptions-on-our-understanding-of-covid-19/
21. World health organization, W. https://wwwwhoint/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters. [Online]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters [Accessed 5 June 2020].
22. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) [Internet]. Who. int. 2020 [cited 9 June 2020]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov)
23. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):497-506.
24. Dhama K, Sharun K, Tiwari R, Dadar M, Malik YS, Singh KP, et al. COVID-19, an emerging coronavirus infection: advances and prospects in designing and developing vaccines, immune therapeutics, and therapeutics. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2020 Mar 19:1-7.
25. Maheshwari S, Gupta PK, Sinha R, Rawat P. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among medical students: A cross-sectional study. J Acute Dis. 2020 May 1;9(3):100.
26. Modi PD, Nair G, Uppe A, Modi J, Tuppekar B, Gharpure AS, et al. COVID-19 awareness among healthcare students and professionals in Mumbai metropolitan region: a questionnaire-based survey. Cureus. 2020 Apr;12(4):e7514.
27. Olaimat AN, Aolymat I, Shahbaz HM, Holley RA. Knowledge and Information Sources About COVID-19 Among University Students in Jordan: A Cross-Sectional Study. Front Public Health. 2020 May 29;8:254.
28. Huynh G, Nguyen TN, Vo KN, Pham LA. Knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 among healthcare workers at District 2 Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2020 Jun 1;13(6):260.
29. Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745.
30. Wadood MA, Mamun AS, Rafi MA, Kamrul Islam M, Mohd S, Lee LL, et al. Knowledge, attitude, practice and perception regarding COVID-19 among students in Bangladesh: Survey in Rajshahi University. Medrxiv. 2020 Jan 1.
31. Saqlain M, Munir MM, Rehman SU, Gulzar A, Naz S, Ahmed Z, et al. Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers among healthcare professionals regarding COVID-19: A Cross-sectional survey from Pakistan. J Hosp Infect. 2020 May 11; 105(3):419-23.
32. Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. COVID-19, and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors, and Risk Perception. Arch Iran Med. 2020 Apr 1;23(4):249-54.
33. Kim JS, Choi JS. Middle East respiratory syndrome–related knowledge, preventive behaviours and risk perception among nursing students during outbreak. J Clin Nurs. 2016 Sep;25(17-18):2542-9.