Seborrheic dermatitis is a common scaly inflammatory skin condition that is induced by Malassezia ovale yeast. Seborrheic dermatitis tends to appear in areas that are loaded with sebaceous glands. Recent studies have shown that dermatitis remains a great burden throughout all the decades of life in comparison to acne valugaris, whose greatest burden is in younger adults a halfway between the late first 10 years and the early third decades of life. This review will discuss the most recent systemic approaches on seborrheic dermatitis, several studies were discussed to increase the understanding of the etiology and clinical evaluation in detecting seborrheic dermatitis relying on important and particular cardinal symptoms to reach the diagnosis. This review aims to evaluate and analyze seborrheic dermatitis clinically for family medicine physicians. This review was performed by the preferred electronic MEDLINE search engine of the PubMed database. This review discussed only published English and English translated documents, articles, systemic reviews related to the subject, and no rejected or papers were included. The etiology of seborrheic dermatitis depends on several factors including dietary pattern and immunity. Using prescribed medications can prevent future relapse of the skin condition.
1. Baranova II, Zaika SV, Bezpala YO, Roik OM, Zaporozhska SM, Shostak L. Development of foaming shampoo base for the treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis. J Adv Pharm Edu Res. 2020;10(1):143-9.
2. Ashjaran A, Sheybani S. Drug Release of Bacterial Cellulose as Antibacterial Nano Wound Dressing. Int J Pharm Res Allied Sci. 2019;8(3):137-43.
3. Vijaya Chandra SH, Srinivas R, Dawson Jr TL, Common JE. Cutaneous Malassezia: Commensal, Pathogen, or Protector? Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2020;10:614446.
4. Gallo RL. Human Skin Is the Largest Epithelial Surface for Interaction with Microbes. J Invest Dermatol. 2017;137(6):1213-4.
5. Vázquez-Herrera NE, Sharma D, Aleid NM, Tosti A. Scalp Itch: A Systematic Review. Skin Appendage Disord. 2018;4(3):187-99.
6. Garg T, Sanke S. Inflammatory dermatoses in human immunodeficiency virus. Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS. 2017;38(2):113-20.
7. Clark GW, Pope SM, Jaboori KA. Diagnosis and treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. Am Fam Physician. 2015;91(3):185-90.
8. Karimkhani C, Dellavalle RP, Coffeng LE, Flohr C, Hay RJ, Langan SM. Global Skin Disease Morbidity and Mortality: An Update from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. JAMA Dermatol. 2017;153(5):406-12.
9. Gupta AK, Bluhm R, Barlow JO, Fleischer, Jr AB, Feldman SR. Prescribing practices for seborrheic dermatitis vary with the physician's specialty: implications for clinical practice. J Dermatolog Treat. 2004;15(4):208-13.
10. Faergemann J. Treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis of the scalp with ketoconazole shampoo. A double-blind study. Acta Derm Venereol. 1990;70(2):171-2.
11. Ozawa M, Shipley M, Kivimaki M, Singh-Manoux A, Brunner EJ. Dietary pattern, inflammation, and cognitive decline: The Whitehall II prospective cohort study. Clin Nutr. 2017;36(2):506-12.
12. Sanders MGH, Pardo LM, Ginger RS, Kiefte-de Jong JC, Nijsten T. Association between Diet and Seborrheic Dermatitis: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Invest Dermatol. 2019;139(1):108-14.
13. Bédard A, Riverin M, Dodin S, Corneau L, Lemieux S. Sex differences in the impact of the Mediterranean diet on cardiovascular risk profile. Br J Nutr. 2012;108(8):1428-34.
14. Klein SL, Flanagan KL. Sex differences in immune responses. Nat Rev Immunol. 2016;16(10):626-38.
15. Weber MB, Recuero JK, Almeida CS. Use of psychiatric drugs in Dermatology. An Bras Dermatol. 2020;95(2):133-43.
16. Borda LJ, Wikramanayake TC. Seborrheic Dermatitis and Dandruff: A Comprehensive Review. J Clin Investig Dermatol. 2015;3(2).
17. Del Rosso JQ. Adult seborrheic dermatitis: a status report on practical topical management. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2011;4(5):32-8.
18. Zhao J, Sun W, Zhang C, Wu J, Le Y, Huang C. Comparison of different regimens of pimecrolimus 1% cream in the treatment of facial seborrheic dermatitis. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2018;17(1):90-4.