Archive \ Volume.14 2023 Issue 1

The Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria Detected in Poultry Products in Mandya, India

Jeet Bahadur Moktan, Rajesh Venkataraman, Yogendra Shrestha

Antimicrobials blended at a subtherapeutic level to improve feed efficiency and growth are becoming more popular. Antibiotic use in food-producing animals results in the deposition of drug residues in meat and eggs. Evidence of infection by environmental and agricultural organisms is emerging. As Southern India makes a significant contribution to the poultry product of India, we intend to identify possible organisms in poultry products, as well as their antibiotic resistance patterns, in Mandya, Karnataka, India. The sample from the freshly sacrificed chicken was taken from each of the seven taluks in the Mandya district. Gram staining followed by a biochemical test was performed to isolate the organisms. The antibiotic susceptibility test (AST) was performed by a modified Kirby Bauer disk diffusion method and AST was interpreted using the Clinical Laboratory Standard Guideline (CLSG) 2020. A total of 105 samples were collected from seven taluks in the Mandya district. Of these, 94.29% (99/105) of samples were cultured positive for bacterial growth. At least 71.43% of each poultry product was culture positive for bacteria. The predominance of nine different organisms was observed. Almost all isolated organisms were resistant to lincomycin (95.96%), bacitracin (88.89%), and erythromycin (82.83%). Organisms developed minimal resistance to gentamicin (3.03%) and ciprofloxacin (16.16%). The study concluded that the poultry products were contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella oxytoca, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Citrobacter freundii, Citrobacter koseri, Salmonella spp., Morganella morgani, and NFGNB. All of these organisms have developed multi-drug resistance.

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Moktan JB, Venkataraman R, Shrestha Y. The Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria Detected in Poultry Products in Mandya, India. Arch Pharm Pract. 2023;14(1):35-9.
Moktan, J. B., Venkataraman, R., & Shrestha, Y. (2023). The Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria Detected in Poultry Products in Mandya, India. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, 14(1), 35-39.

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