Archive \ Volume.14 2023 Issue 4

Work-Related Stress: Implications for Physical and Psychological Health among Female Pharmacists Working in Saudi Arabia

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  1. Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  2. College of Pharmacy, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  3. Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  4. Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 84428, Saudi Arabia


Work-related stress has been a major topic for researchers and practitioners working in organizational behavior, psychology, health, and medicine for the past two decades. It has detrimental effects on employees’ well-being and its impacts extend far beyond to affect the organization’s productivity and operational efficiency. This study aims to investigate work-related stress as it is perceived by female pharmacists working in private pharmaceutical settings in Saudi Arabia. This was a cross-sectional study conducted on a convenience sample of female pharmacists working in the private pharmacy sector using A Shortened Stress Evaluation Tool (ASSET) as a pre-validated instrument intended to evaluate employee perceptions of the sources of pressure and the outcomes of work-related stress. A total of 232 female pharmacists participated in the study with a mean age of 26.1 ± 2.4 years, the majority of the respondents being Saudi (90.1%). The mean ASSET score was 105.6 ± 37.4 for stressor perceptions at work (moderate level). In the organizational commitment questionnaire, the calculated mean score was 36.5 ± 10.5 (moderate level). In the health questionnaire, the mean score was 37.3 ± 11.8, which is perceived as poorer health. Female pharmacists working in the private pharmaceutical sector in Saudi Arabia experience a moderate level of stress as part of their current jobs. The result from the mean ASSET score can empower organizations – leaders, and policymakers – to make the changes necessary to improve their work environment, to accommodate their pharmacists’ needs, and thus retain these valuable employees.

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How to cite:
Al-Omar HA, Khurshid F, Sayed SK, Alotaibi WH, Almutairi RM, Arafah AM, et al. Work-Related Stress: Implications for Physical and Psychological Health among Female Pharmacists Working in Saudi Arabia. Arch Pharm Pract. 2023;14(4):104-13.
Al-Omar, H. A., Khurshid, F., Sayed, S. K., Alotaibi, W. H., Almutairi, R. M., Arafah, A. M., Alharbi, N. A., Alsaleh, N. A., & Mansy, W. (2023). Work-Related Stress: Implications for Physical and Psychological Health among Female Pharmacists Working in Saudi Arabia. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, 14(4), 104-113.

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